In vitro characteristics of intimal cells at intercostal ostia in the porcine thoracic aorta

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National Library of Canada , Ottawa
SeriesCanadian theses = -- Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination2 microfiches : negative. --
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Open LibraryOL18882170M
ISBN 100612339459
OCLC/WorldCa46584254

The intercostal arteries are a group of arteries that supply the area between the ribs ("costae"), called the intercostal highest intercostal artery (supreme intercostal artery or superior intercostal artery) is an artery in the human body that usually gives rise to the first and second posterior intercostal arteries, which supply blood to their corresponding intercostal es: Intercostal muscles and intercostal space.

Unpaired Visceral Artery of the Abdominal Aorta-the first major branch of the abdominal aorta-branches from the aorta around the level of the T12 vertebra-one of three anterior/ midline branches of the abdominal aorta (the others are the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries).

In this work, we determined whether the acellular intima from porcine thoracic aorta can be a new kind of xenograft to repair the skin-wound surface in a rat model. Acellular intima xenografts (AIX) were prepared from tunica intima, and then the swelling ratio, moisture content ratio, water retention ratio, degradation rate, and water vapor Cited by: 5.

Cells derived from porcine aorta tunica media show mesenchymal stromal-like cell properties in in vitro culture Article (PDF Available) in AJP Cell Physiology (4) December with 73 Reads. Other articles where Thoracic aorta is discussed: connective tissue disease: Necrotizing vasculitides: the aorta, involves principally the thoracic aorta (chest portion) and the adjacent segments of its large branches.

Symptoms, including diminished or absent pulses in the arms, are related to narrowing and obstruction of these vessels. A common trunk of the posterior intercostal arteries originating from the descending thoracic aorta is normally an anatomical variation.

A search through the literature disclosed the frequencies of common trunks variations among population, but no information relates to particular topic of simultaneous multiple common trunks of the PIA present in Cited by: 1.

Introduction. The thoracic aorta is a large elastic artery with functionality beyond a static, passive conduit. 1 Functions of the aorta include regulating systolic blood pressure by accepting the ejection bolus through expansion and maintaining diastolic blood pressure by dynamic, elastic recoil.

1–2 Consequently, normal functioning of the aorta requires consistent passive and Cited by: Composed of two coxal bones that articulate with each other anteriorly and with the sacrum posteriorly.

It performs three functions: it bears the weight of the body; it serves as a place of attachment for the legs; and it protects the organs located in the pelvic cavity, including the urinary bladder and the reproductive organs.

In vitro hemodynamic characteristics of tissue bioprostheses in the aortic position. Yoganathan AP, Woo YR, Sung HW, Williams FP, Franch RH, Jones M. The in vitro hemodynamic characteristics of a variety of old and new generation porcine and bovine pericardial bioprostheses were investigated in the aortic position under pulsatile flow by: The thoracic wall or chest wall is a musculoskeletal structure that has a vast vascular supply.

Most of the arteries of the thoracic cavity arise directly from the thoracic aorta; while others arise from its the other hand, the veins of the thoracic wall eventually coalesce to drain into the vena caval system.

Knowledge of the arteries and veins that supply the chest wall is not. Thoracic Aorta quantity. Add to cart. Categories: Cardiac Surgery, Vascular Surgery. Description Applications: Develop skills in end-to-end aortic anastomosis, anastomosis to saphenous vein, and repair of aortic rupture.

Can also be used for cannulation training with or. The atherosclerotic lesions of the descending aorta were scored from 0 (no atherosclerosis) to 3 (plaque >5 mm and/or "complex" plaque with ulcerated or mobile parts). Atherosclerosis was observed in patients, (grade 3 in 16, and grade 2 in 86 patients) whereas patients only had an intimal thickening or normal intimal by: CURRENT REVIEW Pressure-Induced Arterial Wall Stress and Atherosclerosis Mano J.

Thubrikar, PhD, and Francis Robicsek, MD Heineman Medical Research Laboratory, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina We present the hypothesis that high wall stress and accompanying stretch, particularly that caused by arterial pressure, are the primary factors Cited by: An intimal dissecting flap starts distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery and extends into the the descending thoracic & abdominal aorta as well as the right common iliac artery.

It divides the aortic lumen into small true lumen and larger (partially thrombosed) false lumen. Thoracic aorta Somatic Branches of the Thoracic Aorta Intercostal arteries Superior phrenic Inferior phrenic A diagrammatic view, with most of the thoracic and abdominal organs removed Figure a Major Arteries of the Trunk Visceral Branches of the Thoracic Aorta Bronchial arteries Esophageal arteries Mediastinal arteries Pericardial.

Intercostal muscle flaps were used with rabbits to reconstruct full thickness defects of thoracic aorta and the auricle of the atrium of the heart. Repair was achieved by the muscle flap, which provided good structural support with formation of elastic tissue and : Ch.

Papp, G. Klima, J. McCraw. We sought to evaluate the effects of the reimplantation type versus the remodeling type of aortic valve–sparing technique on the geometry of the same aortic by: The natural history of an intramural hematoma (IMH) has not been completely defined.

This is a case report of a year-old woman, in whom imaging reveals in-tercostal. The aneurysmal portion of the ascending aorta and aortic valve were removed. A stentless 27 mm Medtronic Freestyle™ valve was implanted, using Ethibond interrupted stitches with subannular pledegets.

The coronary ostia of the bioprosthesis were prepared, first the left and then the right ostia. highest intercostal (upper 2 intercostal spaces), descending thoracic aorta (3rdth intercostal spaces) posterior br., spinal br., anterior br., collateral br., lateral cutaneous br.

intercostal muscles, spinal cord and vertebral column, deep back muscles, skin and superficial fascia overlying the intercostal spaces. Aortic dissection is a rare but serious medical condition that every future doctor should be aware of.

Learn about the classification and diagnosis of this condition. Definition & background of aortic dissection, epidemiology, classification, symptoms & complications. More information here!Respiratory: Pleural effusion, pulmonary embolism.

Intercostal arteries: Each small intercostal space contains three arteries, two of which arise anteriorly and one posteriorly.

Details In vitro characteristics of intimal cells at intercostal ostia in the porcine thoracic aorta FB2

Posterior intercostal arteries: The posterior intercostal arteries of the first two spaces branch from the superior thoracic artery (also known as the superior intercostal artery). Abstract-In uniaxial tensile experiments in vitro mechanical properties of the different parts of porcine aortic valves, i.e.

the leaflets, the sinus wall and the aortic wall, have been dealt with. Tissue strips cut in different directions were investigated. The collagen bundles in. PURPOSE: To define early anatomic changes in the aorta in an in vitro hydrostatic model of acute aortic dissection.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aortic dissections were created in explanted aortas. A small portion of the dissection flap was resected to allow free communication between the true and false by: intercostal muscles of intercostal spaces 1 and 2, vertebral column, deep back muscles: highest intercostal a.

is also known as: supreme intercostal a. intercostal, posterior: highest intercostal (upper 2 intercostal spaces), descending thoracic aorta (3rdth intercostal spaces) posterior br., spinal br., anterior br., collateral br., lateral.

The thoracic aorta is involved in 30% to 40% of cases. Within the thoracic area, the anatomic distribution is as follows: 45% involve the ascending aorta, 35% involve the descending thoracic aorta, 10% involve the aortic arch, and 10% involve both the thoracic and abdominal aorta.

The mosaic tissue-engineered porcine pulmonary artery valved conduits were successfully implanted in 12 sheep. One sheep died after 93 days because of atelectasis, but the remaining 11 sheep survived until 12 months.

Description In vitro characteristics of intimal cells at intercostal ostia in the porcine thoracic aorta EPUB

The sheep weights were significantly higher than the preoperative weights ( ± vs ± kg, P Author: Zhiwei Xu, Zhiwei Xu, Yan Tan, Juyi Wan, Hao Wu, Da Gong, Qiuxia Shi, Zifan Zhou, Xiufang Xu, Wenbin. tire thoracic aorta (arrows). There is an area of ulcer-ation in the anteromedial wall of the descending aorta (arrowhead).

Figure 1. Takayasu arteritis in a year-old girl. (a) Image from conventional angiography shows concentric infrarenal narrowing of the aorta and left common iliac artery and occlusion of the proximal right common iliac.

Branches of the Aorta: 99,A. ascending aorta B. aortic arch 1. brachiocephalic trunk 2. left common carotid artery 3.

left subclavian artery C. thoracic aorta D. abdominal aorta intercostal arteries II. Arteries to the Head and Neck common carotid artery A.

internal carotid artery B. external carotid artery vertebral artery Size: KB. Sternal artery (or internal mammary), from the ventral side of the subclavian, supplies the ventral body wall.

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Costocervical axis, branch from the sub- clavian just opposite the first rib. It later branches into two arteries supplying the back and neck. Thyrocervical axis, arises from the subclavian below the first rib. Its branches supply the neck and shoulder.

Using a clean pair of scissors and forceps, remove sections of the aorta, about 5cm x 2cm (depending on the size of the aorta), being careful not to remove the area with the intercostal vessels.

7. Place the strips in a petri dish until ready to separate the layers.superior intercostal artery: [TA] origin, costocervical trunk; distribution, structures of first and second intercostal spaces via its terminal branches, posterior intercostal arteries 1 and 2; anastomoses, anterior intercostal branches of internal thoracic.

Synonym(s): arteria intercostalis suprema [TA], highest intercostal artery.The dissected aorta: part II. Differentiation of the true from the false lumen with intravascular US.

D Y Lee, D M Williams, G D Abrams; D Y Lee, D M and Intraluminal Phased-Array Imaging in Aortic Dissection With Tear in the Descending Thoracic Aorta (Type B) Relationship of Intimal Flap Position to Endovascular Treatment of Cited by: